Plant Machinery Sales of Backhoe Loaders


Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, stick, bucket and cab on a rotating platform. The cab sits on top the undercarriage with tracks or wheels. A cable-operated excavator uses winches and steel ropes for movements & is often called a power shovel. Hydraulic excavators use hydraulic fluid, with hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic motors for movement.

Excavators can also be known as diggers, mechanical shovels, or 360-degree excavators, JCBs (an example of a generic trademark). The many types of excavators include wheeled, walker, mini, long reach, towed and rail excavators. Many excavators feature a quick hitch for simplified attachment mounting, increasing the machine's utilisation on the jobsite.



In 1948, the first wheeled excavator was developed by Carlo and Mario Bruneri. They released the patent and manufacture rights to a French company named SICAM in 1954, the same year SICAM built the Yumbo. The Yumbo, an S25 excavator, had a truck mounted on it. Wheelers and crawlers made their way into the picture as buyers became interested in the product.

HY-MAC All Hydraulic Excavator. Hymac was the pioneer of all hydraulic 360 excavators. The hymac 580 range progressed to the 580c and 610 wheeled excavator. Hymac originally was part of Hydraulic Machinery Company America. Peter Hamilton formed Hydraulic Machinery Company UK, which later became HYMAC LIMITED, manufactured at Ryynmey, Wales.

The TU was produced in 1951 by Poclain in France & is one of the first excavators to change their digging power by the use of cables and winches to a hydraulic pump and cylinders.


Some of the most notable machines in the industry today are models such as Hitachi’s 570-ton EX5500 and Caterpillar’s 360-ton Model 5230B.

Other Manufactures: Liebherr, Komatsu, Terex/O&K, Case New Holland, Caterpillar, Kobelco, Hyundai, Hitachi, JCB, Doosan (Daewoo), Volvo


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Backhoe, also referred to as Rear Actor or Back Actor

A backhoe is a term often used to refer to a loader backhoe, but it is actually only the arm and bucket used to excavate material by drawing it back towards the machine. The Backhoe or Digger is a Heavy Equipment machine that consists of a shovel/bucket on the front and a small backhoe on the back, fitted to a tractor, similar to an agricultural tractor.

History: Backhoe technology began in 1835 with the invention of the “dipper shovel,” used for excavating hard soil and rock, and loading it into trucks. It was a steam-powered machine mounted on rails for mobility. The obvious down side to this was that rail lines had to be laid into mines and large excavation projects so they could make use of the new machine. Its other big disadvantage was its size; the development of the backhoe was the answer to this.

From the early 1900s until the 1950s, the backhoe was restricted to working bigger projects because of its size. So, smaller jobs were worked with agricultural tractors. In the late 1950s, residential development was booming and house construction required a smaller machine capable of operating in tight spaces. This started changes in the backhoe design.

By 1952 Whitlock Bros of Essex UK, (Later became HY-MAC) took the backhoe’s development & versatility even further by attaching a loader to the front side of the machine as well. Thus, the Backhoe Loader was born.

Case Construction Equipment played a huge role in the development of the backhoe. In 1957, Case acquired American Tractor Corp., a purchase that included a crawler with a hydraulic backhoe attached to the machine. This coincided with Case’s plans to build an industrial-wheel tractor that could be used with the backhoe in the rear of the machine and a loader in the front. It was this year that Case developed the famous Case Model 320, a tractor with a combination loader backhoe.

Over the years, Case continued to develop its line of machines, which included excavators and skid steer loaders. In 2000, Case contributed to the development of the backhoe by being the first manufacturer to include ride control on a loader backhoe. More recently, Case has introduced the M Series, a line of loader backhoes with Pro Control System, an exclusive backhoe hydraulic quick coupler, and increased loader lift power.

Manufacturers: Case Construction Equipment, Caterpillar, John Deere, HY-MAC , JCB, Volvo, Terex


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